What Are 4 Types of Cleaning Agents?

Woman in orange gloves holding a blue basket filled with tools and supplies

What Are 4 Types of Cleaning Agents?

By : Angelina

Australians spend seven to eight hours each week sprucing up their home. Believe it or not! Maintaining a clean, organised, and germ-free indoor environment is a continuous process of dusting, scrubbing, mopping, and sanitising almost all surfaces. With some elbow grease and regularity, you can prevent the spread of germs and food-borne illnesses.

To tackle stubborn stains or accumulated dust, you need proper tools and products. It is good to make a list of cleaning agents and products you need that can help you achieve sparkling results.

You can also book credible professionals for a budget-friendly end of lease cleaning Canberra if you are prepping your rental property for the inspection. They come fully equipped with the latest tools, gadgets and products to transform dirty premises into a beautiful space.

However, if you want to maintain a clean and shiny abode, you need to know everything about the types of cleaning agents and how to use them regularly.

Have a look at the article and discover the 4 most common types of cleaning agents that can help you remove all types of stains, grime, grease, and other marks with ease.

1. Detergents

Detergents contain soaps and organic substances that can help remove stains, grime and grease from clothes, dishes, and other surfaces. The detergents are also available in the following products:

  • Dishwashing
  • Laundry washing
  • Handwashing
  • All-purpose cleaners
  • Fabric softeners, etc
  • The best part is that you can prepare homemade or DIY multipurpose cleaner using white vinegar and dishwashing soap or detergent.

    You can also mix it with lukewarm water and apply it to the surface to remove dirt, soil and stubborn stains.

    From washing dishes to cleaning the floors, you can use it in multiple ways for shiny results. Unfortunately, store-bought detergents are laden with harmful chemicals that can cause harm to the environment. Phosphorus is the common ingredient in all detergents.

    Although it is a harmful chemical, there is a strict restriction on the amounts of phosphorus in detergents. It is good to bring mild dishwashing detergent as it contains fewer chemicals.

    Quick Tip: Keep detergents away from children and pets as they contain toxic chemicals and other harmful ingredients for the respiratory system.

    2. Abrasives

    Abrasives are either liquids or powders that are available across grocery stores and stores in Canberra. It can remove dirt and stains from hard surfaces, such as floors, bathroom surfaces, and a kitchen sink.

  • Some of the common ingredients present in abrasive cleaners are:
  • Calcite
  • Calcium Carbonate
  • Aluminium Oxide
  • Silica
  • Quartz, etc
  • Caution when Using Abrasive Cleaning Agent

  • It is always good to read the labels when purchasing such products.
  • Coarse abrasives can cause damage to plastic, glass, non-stick cookware and fibreglass surfaces.
  • Don’t apply it on painted woodwork and polished metal.
  • Wear gloves when using the product
  • Use non-abrasive products like baking soda and hydrogen peroxide because these are non-toxic and won’t leave scratches behind.
  • Quick Tips When Using Abrasive Cleaning Products

  • It is always good to test cleaning products on an inconspicuous area before applying them to the entire surface.
  • Gently rub the surface after applying it
  • Do not use hazardous products on marble and natural stone surfaces
  • Look for mild abrasives
  • Don’t let abrasives dry out on the area when cleaning.
  • If you are at the end of your tenancy, book trained end of lease cleaners in Canberra . They bring tried and tested cleaning agents to tackle stains, mould, spills, splatters and grime without causing any harm to the human begins and the environment.

    3. Degreasers

    Solvent cleaners or degreasers work wonders when removing stubborn grime, grease, oil stains and dirt from hard surfaces like grill backsplashes, kitchen appliances, counters, etc.

    Degreasers usually have a high pH value (alkaline), ideal for removing organic dirt, such as grease, oil stains and fats. That’s why most degreasers are used for cleaning ovens, microwaves, grill and other metal surfaces.

    Precautions When Using Degreasers

    High-alkaline degreasers contain chemicals such as Methylated Spirits/white spirit, Ethylenediaminetetraacetate, Sodium Meta Silicate, Sodium Tripolyphosphate, Kerosene, etc that are harmful to everyone- be it you, a pet or the environment. The frequent exposure or regular use of these products can lead to life-threatening diseases, such as different types of cancer.

    So, you need to consider the following preventive tips in mind:

  • These products can lead to skin allergies, so always wear gloves and masks
  • Open the windows and doors for cross ventilation
  • Never mix degreasers with any cleaning product or agent
  • Safe Alternatives

    Instead, use naturally alkaline degreasers instead of strong ones to minimise health hazards. Look for non-toxic products that are also popular in commercial kitchens in Australia.

    4. Acids

    These are often highly concentrated products used to remove mould, tough stains, mineral deposits, rust stains and ingrained grime.

    Acid cleaning agents can trigger various health hazards. Make sure you read the labels properly and don’t bring highly acidic cleaners at home.

    Safety Precautions

  • Always dilute the product in water as per the instructions mentioned on the label
  • Do not mix acid cleaners with other ones
  • Avoid contact with eyes and skin
  • Proper ventilation is required when using such products
  • Safer Alternatives

    If you are looking for a safe yet effective option, use white vinegar because it is also an acid but does not cause any harm. You can dilute in warm water and add a few drops of dishwashing liquid to remove stains and grime from all spots except natural stone or marble surfaces.  You can also create DIY neutral ph floor cleaners at home that are safe and effective.


    These are the four most common cleaning agents used to clean homes and offices. Some products are strong, while others have great alternatives that are safe and sound. You can decide for yourself and keep your house clean and shiny. Do not forget to hire professionals for a detailed end of lease cleaning Canberra if you vacate the rental property in the ACT.